“Lost and Found”
Luke 2:41-52 Everybody is confused but Jesus.
We established last week that Joseph and Mary were raising Jesus in accordance with the LAW and the strength of their witness in this regard, they were living faithfully according to the LAW themselves. So our text today begins with the pilgrimage to Jerusalem to observe the Passover By the 1st Century the historian Josephus noted that the OT requirement for three trips a year (Passover, Pentecost and Tabernacles) had been modified by the priesthood and the community because of the greater distances involved for travel. ________________________
We are familiar with the term Bar-mitzvah - _________________________________________ Verse 42 tells us that Jesus was 12 years old at the time of this trip so He would have already begun his study of the oral traditions. _____________________________________________
Verse 43 says, “When they had finished the days”. __________________________________
The family, minus Jesus, travels one day away from Jerusalem and then discovers that He is nowhere to be found. _________________________________________________________
Verse 46 tells us what He had been doing while the family was on the way home: “they found Him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, both listening to them and asking them questions.” _____________________________________________________________
Others were observing, listening in on the exchange between the teachers of the LAW and the young boy who was “astonishing” the onlookers with His “understanding and answers”. So travel into Jesus future 20 years again, into another Passover observance and a conversation with Nicodemus which is different, yet the same: “‘Rabbi, we know that You are a teacher come from God; for no one can do these thing that You do unless God is with him.’ . . . . Jesus answered and said to him, ‘Are you the teacher of Israel, and do not know these things? Most assuredly, I say to you, We speak what We know and testify what We have seen, and you do not receive Our witness. If I have told you earthly things and you do not believe, how will you believe heavenly things?’” John 3:2,10-12
Verse 48: His parents reactions, They were amazed – ________________________________
They ask a parental question – “Son, why have You done this to us?”
Contained in Jesus answer (49) is an often repeated assertion in Luke’s Gospel: “I must be about My Father’s business.” This Greek word “dei” – translated here, “must”, is used by Luke in 4:43 – “I must preach the kingdom of God”; 9:22 – “the Son of Man must suffer many things”; 13:33 – “Nevertheless I must journey today, tomorrow, and the day following”; 17:25 – “But first He must suffer many things and be rejected by this generation”; 19:5 – “Zacchaeus, make haste and come down, for today I must stay at your house”; 22:37 – “For I say to you that this which is written must still be accomplished in Me; ‘And He was numbered with the transgressors.’ For the things concerning Me have an end.”; 24:44 – “These are the words which I spoke to you, that all things must be fulfilled which were written in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms concerning Me.”.
Luke’s writing style includes summation statements. In verse 52 we encounter the 3rd such statement in these 1st two chapters: “And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men.”
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